Between 1800 and 1840, improved transportation networks and larger markets altered the way goods were produced, as workshops and factories became larger and fewer goods were produced by household labor. Another effect of growing industrialization was social stratification, as some master craftsmen became businessmen while their journeymen lost their independence and became wage workers. This illustration from the 1841 novel The Career of Puffer Hopkins caricatured the growing distinction between masters and journeymen. The master tailor’s prosperous outfit, stance, and fancy business address (New York’s Broadway) sharply contrasted with the journeyman’s wretched appearance and workshop-home.
Source: Cornelius Mathews, The Career of Puffer Hopkins (1841)—American Social History Project.