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The circumstances of an interview can also affect what is recalled. In general, interviews for which both interviewer and interviewee have prepared are likely to be fuller and more detailed accounts than more spontaneous exchanges. Similarly, physical comfort and adequate time help create the expansive mood and unhurried pace that enhances recall. I remember carving out two hours from an otherwise busy day in which to conduct an interview with a local civil rights activist. The narrator turned out to have an exceptionally well-developed historical sense, answering questions with not only great specificity but also considerable reflectiveness on the larger significance of his actions. After two hours of talk, I was becoming increasingly anxious about all the other things I had to do that day. I was also becoming very hungry, as we had talked through the lunch hour. As a result, the last part of the interview is rather perfunctory. It would have been better if I had stopped the interview after an hour and a half and scheduled a second session on another day.

Other external conditions can also affect an interview. Some oral historians have suggested that the location of the interview subtly influences what a narrator talks about and how they talk about it. Interviews in a person's office, for example, tend to be more formal, less intimate, with the narrator emphasizing public rather than private life. Likewise, an interview with more than one person simultaneously or the presence of a third person in the room where an interview is taking place can constrain a narrator, turning a private exchange into something more akin to a public performance. I often think that interviews with two or more family members at the same time document family relationships more than the actual topics under discussion.

The interviewer only hears words that rhyme with pastrami and rye.
The subject, disturbed by the rumbling of the interviewer's stomach, loses his train of thought.
The famished interviewer rushes to finish the session to get to Roy Roger's.
Two subjects might overwhelm one interviewer.
Sharing a microphone creates an unconscious generational rivalry.
There are just certain things a daughter won't say in front of her mother... and vice versa.
Microwaves emanating from nearby cellular phones erase the tape.
Passing pedestrians and motorists interrupt the interview to get in a word.
Surrounding noise and activity divert the subject's attention.